Sun exposure, acne or just getting older can leave your skin tone uneven, wrinkled, spotted or scarred. If you want your skin to look smoother and younger, consider a chemical peel, which uses a chemical solution to smooth the texture of your skin by removing the damaged outer layers. Chemical solutions are carefully applied to your skin to improve the texture by removing damaged outer layers. The chemicals used are glycolic acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid, and trichloroacetic acid. Each one has a different purpose. The formula used by your technician will be adjusted to meet your particular needs. Chemical peels are used mostly on the face, they can also be used to improve the skin on other areas such as neck, chest, back and hands.
We can improve:
Acne or acne scars
Age and liver spots
Fine lines and wrinkles
Irregular skin pigmentation
Rough skin and scaly patches
Subtle improvements at first, but that healthy glow will increase with more treatments! Skin Conditions:
30% Glycolic Acid
This kind of peel removes just the outer layer of skin (epidermis) in a light exfoliation and results in a healthier glow. Your technician will use a combination of alphahydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids. You can repeat these treatments weekly for up to six weeks to achieve your desired results. Here’s how it works:
Your face will be cleansed
The chemical solution is brushed onto your skin and left for up to 10 minutes. You may feel some mild stinging
The chemical peel is then washed off and neutralized
Return once a month to maintain your vibrant new look. You are likely to experience some redness, stinging, skin crusting and irritation from a light chemical peel. After repeated treatments these side effects will likely subside. Other risks include hyperpigmentation and infection.
Your skin will be noticeably smoother and fresher-looking! Skin Conditions:
Uneven skin color
20% Salicylic Acid
30% Lactic Acid
30% Vitamin C
The chemicals used for this type of peel will remove skin cells from both the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and upper part of your middle layer of skin (dermis). Your technician will use combinations of lactic acid, glycolic acid, or Vitamin C preparations to obtain desired results. Here’s how it works:
Your face will be cleansed
The chemical solution is brushed onto your skin and left for just a few minutes. You may feel some burning or stinging
The treated area may turn a whitish grey color
The chemicals are neutralized
Your skin may turn red or brown in the days just after the peel. It may take up to six weeks for your skin to look normal
You may repeat a medium chemical peel every 6 to 12 months to maintain your glowing new skin.
Results are dramatic, but recovery takes the longest Preparations:
40% Glycolic Acid
14% Derma Peel Jessner ( with or without + 2% Hydroquinone)
Ruby Red Jessner
If you have deeper facial wrinkles, skin that’s damaged by the sun, scars, areas that appear blotchy or even pre-cancerous growths, deep facial chemical peels might be the right choice for you. Your technician will use the strongest chemical concentrations your skin will tolerate to penetrate down to the lower dermal layer of your skin. For this type of peel, you will have topical anesthetic applied for 30 min prior to treatment. A deep chemical peel usually involves some sort of pretreatment for up to 8 weeks. This will prepare your skin for the peel and speed the healing process. Pretreatment may include use of Retin A – a prescription medication that’s derived from vitamin A. This works to thin out the skin’s surface layer, allowing the chemical solution to penetrate more evenly and deeply.
Here’s how it works:
Your face will be cleansed
Chemical solution is brushed onto the area and can remain from 30 minutes, up to two hours. The chemical is neutralized with water
After allowing your skin to rest for an hour, a thick salve is smoothed over your skin, covering the crust which develops.
Managing your discomfort: Deep chemical facial peels will result in peeling, redness and discomfort for several days. Although the swelling is likely to disappear in about two weeks, your skin may be red for up to three months. A deep chemical peel requires that you have an adequate recovery time. You may return to work and some of your normal activities two weeks after treatment. At that point, your skin will be healed enough for you to wear makeup One treatment with a deep chemical peel will produce long-lasting and dramatic results which can last up to 10 years.
A Jessner peels is a light to medium depth peel. Often we use Jessner as a precursor for TCA peels to clean away dead skin and oil and allow the other peel to work better. It is technically made of lactic acid, salicylic acid, USP and resorcinol in ethanol. The Jessner is a bit different in application in that it is applied in layers and left on your skin. It self neutralizes and by the time you go to bed, you just wash it off! You may have 3-4 days of redness and may or may not peel. Prolonged redness, though possible is unlikely. Within about a week, even if you have some redness, it can be covered with makeup.
A TCA Peel is a type of Chemical Peel used as a skin resurfacing technique TCA (trichloroacetic acid) peels are medium-skin-depth treatments Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) solution is applied to the face to remove the outer surface layers of skin. A TCA Peel allows new, healthier skin to emerge. It helps sun damage, facial wrinkles and uneven skin tone.
The concentration of the peel varies according to need, and downtime can last up to 1 week. 10% TCA is superficial and very similar in strength to the Jessner. 20-25% is medium depth and can reach the papillary dermis and will require 5-7 days to peel. 30-35% is what we consider a deep peel because it can reach the deeper papillary dermis and will take 7-10 days to peel.
A Glycolic acid peel, or alpha hydroxy acid peel, is a superficial chemical peel that removes your top layer of skin. The glycolic peel process triggers the production of new collagen and elastin and, as a result, erases fine lines and wrinkles, evens out skin discoloration, and improves skin texture. Glycolic peels are mild peels. They do not penetrate very deeply into the skin so they do not typically cause wounds. For this reason they are some of the safest peels. They are best to treat surface imperfections, for example, light skin discolorations, freckles, acne/blackheads. Glycolic acids also stimulatecollagen building, so over time multiple glycolic peels may help with very finewrinkles and acne scarring. Most patients who get glycolic peels get a series of them every 2-4 weeks for 4 treatments, and periodically repeat that sequence. Because they are mild, the results after each treatment are subtle but over time can make a big difference.
Glycolic acid peels are superficial but can be important for regular skin care. They are superficial peels and the aggressiveness of the peel is dependent on the percentage of the glycolic acid in the preparation. They are fairly safe and it is very difficult to make them deep and thus complications are much lower as compared to other peels. One thing to remember is that sometimes the more aggressive you are the more results you will get for the most part.Glycolic acid peels that are from 0-30% can be done at home with some guidance. Anything stronger would be wise to be carry out with the guidance of a physician.
The Salicylic peel is a skin care treatment that can diminish acne, smooth sun damaged skin, and lighten age spots. Salicylic acid, a beta hydroxy acid (BHA), is a chemical peel used for blemish-prone skin with blackheads or whiteheads. One type of Salicylic peel that is often used to treat acne and hyperpigmentation is the Jessner’s peel.
Salicylic peels are an excellent choice for treatment of active acne, both reducing the acne breakouts themselves and the inflammation caused by the acne. Usually, a series of peels are required, staged 1-2 weeks apart, depending on your sensitivity. Common side effects are redness, flaking, tenderness, and sensitivity. Occasionally, you will experience what seems like more breakouts early on, as the pores free themselves of buildup. Maintenance acne treatment and sunscreen (non-comedogenic) are also an important part of your care. For acne scarring, deeper peels, laser, dermabrasion or excision may be required.
DIFFERENCE IN CHEMICAL PEELS
Lactic acid works best for drier skin, or those with sensitive skin because the penetration is slower. Glycolic is better for oily skin because it has a more drying nature. If you have a lot of scarring and sun spots the TCA peel is great for hyperpigmentation, scarring and uneven skin texture. I would suggest setting up an appointment with a medical professional in your area if you decide to go in this direction. Salicylic peels are an excellent choice for treatment of active acne, both reducing the acne breakouts themselves and the inflammation caused by the acne. Usually, a series of peels are required, staged 1-2 weeks apart, depending on your sensitivity. Common side effects are redness, flaking, tenderness, and sensitivity. Occasionally, you will experience what seems like more breakouts early on, as the pores free themselves of buildup. Maintenance acne treatment and sunscreen (non-comedogenic) are also an important part of your care. For acne scarring, deeper peels, laser, dermabrasion or excision may be required.